The National Framework of Qualifications (NFQ) is a system of ten levels and is used to describe the Irish qualifications system.
The ‘fan diagram’ helps to illustrate the levels on the NFQ and each level is based on nationally agreed standards of knowledge, skill and competence i.e. what an individual is expected to know, understand and be able to do following successful completion of a process of learning. It is now the single structure mechanism for recognising all education and training in Ireland. You will see that all framework awards now have an NFQ Level (1-10) which tells you about the standard of learning and an NFQ Award Type which tells you about the purpose, volume and progression opportunities associated with a particular award. A key element of the NFQ is to improve access (entry) to education and training, transfer within and between education and training and progression within and between education and training. (NFQ 2014)
Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)
The objective of RPL is to facilitate access, transfer and progression of learners through the recognition of prior learning within the National Framework of Qualifications (NFQ). FETAC encourages providers to facilitate as much as possible learners through the recognition of prior learning for the purposes of entry to programmes, exemptions from programme requirements, credit towards an award and eligibility for a full award within the NFQ (Adapted from FETAC 2014).